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    • PI: Dr. Nancy Wells
    • Co-PI: Dr. Kim Rollings
  • Cornell University
  • Project Title:
    Cafeteria Assessment for Elementary Schools (CAFES)
  • Key Findings
    The “Cafeteria Assessment for Elementary Schools” or “CAFES” is a valid and reliable observation-based tool that quantifies physical attributes of cafeteria environments associated with selection and consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV). Development, reliability testing, and validation were based on cafeteria and lunch tray photography data collected from 50 elementary schools in low-income communities and 3,187 National School Lunch Program participants in four U.S. states. The 198 CAFES items captured four environmental scales: room, furniture, container, and individual food object. CAFES can be used by researchers, public health practitioners, and school personnel to identify environmental features for modification through low-cost and no-cost strategies that promote healthy eating. Additional funding from the United Way of St. Joseph County, Indiana, was acquired to support testing the revised CAFES version in 9 additional schools in a fifth state, CAFES intervention suggestion development, and the development of a CAFES mobile application for Android tablets that automates data collection, scoring, and intervention suggestions in partnership with a computer science student. CAFES can be used by researchers, public health practitioners, and school personnel to identify environmental features to modify through low-cost and no-cost strategies in order to promote healthy eating. CAFES will soon be available as an Android app.
  • Publications
    • Rollings, K.A. & Wells, N.M. (submitted for review, 2017). Cafeteria assessment for elementary schools: Development, reliability testing, & validation.
  • Presentations
    • Rollings, K.A. & Wells, N.M. (forthcoming, 2017). Informing design guidelines for healthy eating in schools: Development of the Cafeteria Assessment for Elementary Schools (CAFES) tool. In: Healthy Places: Using Behavioral Design to Enhance Active Living and Healthy Eating—An NCCOR Sponsored Symposium. 48th Conference of the Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA): Madison, WI.
    • Rollings, K.A. & Wells, N.M. (2016). Cafeteria Assessment for Elementary Schools (CAFES): Measuring environmental features that influence children’s diet. In: Creating Healthy School Environments Symposium. 24th Conference of the International Association for People-Environment Studies. Lund, Sweden.
    • Rollings, K.A. & Wells, N.M. (2014). Cafeteria assessment for elementary schools: Scale development. 2014 Annual Meeting of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity: San Diego, CA.
    • Rollings, K.A., Wells, N.M., & Demment, M. (2013). Cafeteria Assessment for Elementary Schools: Instrument Development. In: Environmental Influences on Children’s Diet and Physical Activity at School: Innovative Measurement Strategies Symposium. 44th Conference of the Environmental Design Research Association: Providence, RI.
  • Project Picture



    CAFES serving area